Math: Additional Topics
The Math part of the SAT exam is divided into two sections: a calculator section of 38 questions in 55 minutes and a no-calculator section that contains 20 questions and allows you 25 minutes for completion.
Of the 58 total questions on the math section of the SAT exam, 45 of them are multiple-choice and the other 13 require you to “grid in” your answer, without the benefit of answer choices. Our practice questions are all the multiple-choice type, but you can practice the gridding-in process by using our flashcards.
The math questions on the SAT exam cover multiple areas and six of them involve what the test company calls “Additional Topics in Math.” You will not receive a separate score for this type of question, but success on them will contribute to your total math score. You can hone your skills on these concepts in this section of practice questions. They include items on geometry and trigonometry that have been linked to success in college and careers.
Math: Heart of Algebra
The combined calculator (55 minutes for 38 questions) and no-calculator (25 minutes for 20 questions) parts of the Math section of the SAT exam contain 58 questions.
A total of 19 of these questions will concern concepts in algebra. The test company calls this the “Heart of Algebra” and this section of practice questions will help you prepare. You will practice concepts concerning linear equations and systems of these equations, as well as procedures to use with inequalities.
Of the 58 total math questions, 45 of them are multiple-choice and 13 require you to “grid in” your answer, with no answer choices given. Our practice questions are the multiple-choice type, but you can find “gridding-in” practice through our math flashcards.
Math: Passport to Advanced Math
Between the calculator and no calculator sections of the SAT Math exam, you will encounter a total of 58 questions. Of these, you may use a calculator for 38 (in 55 minutes), but not for the other 20 questions (in 25 minutes).
Most of these 58 questions are multiple-choice, but for 13 of them, you will need to grid in your answer, with no answer choices given. Our practice questions are all of the multiple-choice type (45 of them on test day), but use our flashcards to practice the skills you’ll need to grid in answers.
Sixteen of the total math items involve working with complex equations and performing manipulations of them to arrive at an answer. The testing company calls this area “Passport to Advanced Math” and that is what this section of our practice questions involves.
Math: Problem Solving and Data Analysis
Note: You will be able to use a calculator for all 17 questions on Problem Solving and Data Analysis.
Math on the SAT exam is assessed during two separate sections of the test. You may use a calculator for 39 questions and not for the other 20 items. Of the 58 total math questions, 45 are multiple-choice and the remaining 13 require you to fill in the answer on a grid. All of our practice questions are the multiple-choice type, but try out our flashcards to experience the gridding in procedure.
This particular set of questions covers concepts in the areas of problem solving and data analysis. Questions in this area all involve the skills a person needs to be literate about quantitative life situations. You will work with things like ratios, percentages, and proportions, as well as problem-solving techniques to use in real-world science, social science, and career situations.
Reading: History and Social Science
You will find a variety of reading passage types on the SAT exam. Different types of text require slightly different approaches and skill abilities, so we have three separate sections of Reading practice questions. In this section, we will only deal with passages from the areas of History and other Social Sciences, such aslike economics, sociology, and psychology. Literature and Science reading skills are covered in the other two Reading practice question sections.
The SAT Reading section will contain one historically related passage and one from the other social sciences. The first may come from a U.S. founding document or a conversation inspired by these documents. A passage may be a speech given by one of the founding fathers or that of a modern-day person involved in world affairs. A section of the U.S. Constitution may be presented, along with political commentary on it from any period in time. The other passage of this type could be related to any of the social sciences.
There is a heavy emphasis on analysis in the history/social sciences and science-related questions, as well as the ability to examine evidence and define words according to their use in context. There will probably be a related graphic used in some questions and you will need to compare data in the graphic with the author’s commentary in a passage.
During the SAT exam Reading portion, you will have 65 minutes to answer 52 questions about four passages or pairs of passages. Reading passage types will be mixed on the test, but we have divided them into types for the purpose of study. Different types of text require slightly different reading skills.
The practice questions in this section all reference a passage from classic or modern U.S. or world literature. Reading passages from other domains (Science and Social Studies) are covered in the other two sections of reading practice questions on our site.
There will be one passage on the test from literature and 10–11 questions about it. Each passage is 500–700 words long and you may be asked to:
- Show that you can use evidence presented by the author to answer questions about the text.
- Determine a relationship between text and a graph or chart.
- Analyze the meaning of words as they are used in a passage.
- Explain how word choice affects the meaning, tone, and style of a passage.
- Generally reason about the information presented in a passage, including making inferences.
Questions about the same passage are arranged in order from general to more specific.
The literature passages won’t have any associated graphs and there will be only one passage to reference, and not a pair of passages, which may be used for history or science passage questions.
While all types of passages are mixed within the Reading section of the SAT exam, you will need to use a different approach for some of them. Reading and comprehending science text requires some specialized skills that you don’t need when dealing with literature and other types of content. You need to be able to think and reason in a scientific manner and we’ll practice that with these questions. Reading skills needed for literature and history-type reading are practiced in the other two Reading sections of practice questions.
There will be two science-related passages on the SAT exam and they may come from the areas of biology, physics, chemistry, or Earth science. You will be given all of the information you need to reason about the contents of the passages—it’s your scientific reasoning skill that’s being tested, not your memorization of scientific facts and terms. Passages will focus on basic scientific foundations and may require you to compare two passages on basically the same subject. Other questions may ask you to use the data in a graphic to reason about the contents of a related passage.
The scientific passage questions require you to use your knowledge of how scientific procedures work. This may include working with the concepts of hypotheses and conclusions and finding the implications of data.
Writing and Language: Career and Humanities
The Writing and Language section is all about making decisions about what someone else has written. Most of the time, you will be asked to improve the writing in some way and have four choices of ways to do this.
Of the four passages you will see on the SAT exam in this section, one will be concerning careers and one will be about some aspect of the humanities. These are the two types of passages on which we will focus in this section of questions.
Writing and Language: History and Social Studies
In the Writing and Language section of the SAT exam, there will be four passages, each with related questions. Of these four passages, one of them will have been written on a topic falling in the area of history or social studies. In this section of practice questions, you will focus on the skills needed to edit and revise writing in these two topic areas so that it is clear to the reader and appropriately organized.
Writing and Language: Science
Passages about science sometimes require a different organization and style of writing. In this set of practice questions, you will try your hand at analyzing scientific passages and suggesting appropriate edits for them. This is one type of passage you will see on the SAT exam Writing and Language test. The other types are reviewed in our other practice question sections.