Airway, Respiration, and Ventilation
Questions on the EMT test involving airway and breathing concepts will vary. You will need to know the basic airway anatomy and how each part functions. It will be necessary to use airway function as part of patient assessment and recommend proper ventilation treatment in a particular emergency situation. Additionally, you’ll need to know how to perform basic emergency respiratory care.
Cardiology and Resuscitation
Throughout the EMT test, you will be held responsible for knowing how the cardiovascular system usually functions and what to do if it doesn’t do its job sufficiently. There will be questions on the anatomy of this system and therapies that can help in emergency situations. Patient assessment will play a huge role in decisions you make about emergency care and you will need to use information about each situation to determine the best care route.
These questions will cover all of the procedures related to the emergency care system. You’ll need to know how to assess an accident scene and the best practices for transporting the sick and injured. Knowledge of procedures for dealing with things like hazardous materials and traffic will also be important. The handling of major disasters and terrorism are covered by this type of question, as well.
Medical and Obstetrics/Gynecology
As an emergency medical care provider, you will need to be able to assess and care for people with a variety of medical emergencies. A medical emergency is one that has been caused by an illness or a condition, instead of an injury to the body. This type of question on the EMT test may require you to deal with anything from an elderly gentleman with pneumonia to a mother-to-be in active labor. Your future patients could be of any age and in any physical condition, so questions about all sorts of medical emergencies can be expected.
Traumatic emergencies result from some sort of injury to the body from an outside source. Of course, there may be interaction between the injury and existing medical conditions present in the patient. You’ll need to know about all sorts of energy outside the body that can cause different types of traumatic injuries, as well has the best form of emergency care for each one.