Which of these conclusions taken from the attached fragment from Charles Darwin’s Origin of Species is false?
The similar framework of bones in the hand of a man, wing of a bat, fin of a porpoise, and leg of the horse,— the same number of vertebræ forming the neck of the giraffe and of the elephant,— and innumerable other such facts, at once explain themselves on the theory of descent with slow and slight successive modifications. The similarity of pattern in the wing and in the leg of a bat, though used for such different purpose,— in the jaws and legs of a crab,— in the petals, stamens, and pistils of a flower is, likewise, to a large extent, intelligible on the view of the gradual modification of parts or organs, which were aboriginally alike in an early progenitor in each of these classes.
Retrieved from: Darwin, C. R. 1872. The origin of species by means of natural selection, or the preservation of favoured races in the struggle for life. London: John Murray. 6th edition; with additions and corrections. Eleventh thousand.
The wings and the legs of a bat have a similar pattern but a different function.
The same number of vertebrae in the neck of a giraffe and the elephant are explained by the theory of descent with modifications.
The bones in the hand of a man and the leg of a horse have a similar framework.
The difference in pattern between the jaws and the legs of a crab are explained by the gradual modification of an early ancestor.
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