Which of the following sentences best expresses the essential information given in the following sentence from the attached passage?
“…universities have a vested interest in supporting students during their first-year transition.”
The expression dog is man's best friend might "have more weight"
in the case of first-year university students suffering from
homesickness, according to a new UBC study. The study shows
that animal-assisted therapy can help students combat
 homesickness and could be a useful tool in lowering post-
secondary drop-out rates.
"Transitioning from high school to university can prove to be a
challenge for many first-year students," says Assistant Professor
John Tyler Binfet of UBC's Okanagan campus."Given that students
 who experience homesickness are more likely than their
non-homesick cohorts to drop out of university, universities have
a vested interest in supporting students during their first-year
In the study, 44 first-year university students who self-identified as
 homesick were given a survey to measure levels of
homesickness, satisfaction with life and connectedness with campus.
Half of the students completed eight weeks of dog therapy, while the
other half were informed that their sessions would begin in eight
weeks' time. Dog therapy included 45-minute weekly sessions
 involving small group interactions with the dogs and handlers,
and engagement with other first-year students participating in the
study. Following the initial eight-week session, participants in both
the treatment group and the non-treatment group completed the
 Participants who completed the eight-week program experienced
significant reductions in homesickness and greater increase in
satisfaction with life. Participants reported that sessions "felt like
they were at home chatting with friends who brought their puppies"
while the non-treatment group reported an increase in their feelings
 of homesickness.
According to a 2009 report conducted for B.C. Stats, students who
left post-secondary happy were almost twice as likely to have felt a
sense of belonging compared to students who left unhappy.
Students who left university unhappy were almost twice as likely
 to say they did not feel a sense of belonging on campus.
A total of 29 percent of students who dropped out cited more
interactions and friendships with other students as a factor that
would have influenced their decision to stay longer. While further
study is needed, a university's ability to influence campus connections
 could be a useful tool in lowering drop-out rates in first-year
students, says Binfet.
"Many first-year university students face the challenge of integrating
into their new campus community," says Binfet. "Homesick
students are three times more likely than those who manage their
 homesickness to disengage and drop out of university."
"Moving to a new city, I did not know anyone at the university and
became very homesick and depressed," says UBC Okanagan
student Varenka Kim. "I was mainly secluded in my dorm room and
did not feel like I belonged here. Coming to animal-assisted therapy
 sessions every Friday gave me a sense of purpose and kept
me enthusiastic about life."
Retrieved from: http://esciencenews.com/articles/2016/09/08/pet.therapy.can.combat.homesickness
Universities offer an interest-based support system to students as they transition in their first year.
Universities have shown little interest in assisting students during their move to third-level education.
Third-level institutions have reason and interest to help students as they adapt to their first year at university.
Third-level institutions are required to show a sincere interest in helping students as they transition during the first year of university.
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