Which of the following statements best summarizes the attached passage?
From Lectures in Medieval History: The First Crusade, 1095-1100
The crusading movement was a significant event in the history of medieval Europe. They opened an era in which Western Europe came into direct contact with the great trade routes that united the civilizations of Eurasia. For the first time since the fall of the Roman empire, western Europe was not isolated, but a part of a greater world. Many things flowed along these trade routes. Some were good, such as paper, the compass, medicines and spices, new crops and advances in mathematics. Some were not so good, such as leprosy, gunpowder, and bubonic plague.
The crusades encouraged global trade that enhanced the economies of countries across the continents, from Western Europe to Eurasia.
The crusades were a decades-long religious war that took place across the continent.
The crusades increased Western European power into Eurasia.
The crusades opened Western Europe to both positive and negative aspects of the greater global world.
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