# Formulas for the Algebra Questions on the GRE Quantitative Reasoning Test

## What’s on the Algebra section of the GRE?

If you are preparing for the algebra questions on the GRE Quantitative Reasoning Test, chances are that you are overwhelmed by the huge amount of content you need to cover. But you don’t need to feel that way!

The algebra questions cover topics such as linear and quadratic equations, factoring, simplifying algebraic expressions, exponents, and setting up equations to solve word problems.

## Math Formulas for the GRE

Algebra can be easily summarized in a few rules that you need to follow and at Union Test Prep, we have the essential formulas you’ll need for Algebra. You can see them all at a glance, and be prepared to succeed at the GRE Quantitative Reasoning Test.

You can also check out our free practice tests, flashcards, and study guides if you want to dig deeper.

Remember that this chart only shows formulas for one part of the test: Algebra. Access our other three formula charts for the GRE Quantitative Reasoning section, here:

Arithmetic

Geometry

Data Analysis

## Algebra Formula Chart for the GRE Quantitative Reasoning Test

Category Formula Symbols Comment
Algebra $$x+ a = b \rightarrow x= b - a$$
$$x-a = b \rightarrow x = b+a$$
$$x\cdot a = b \rightarrow x = b \div a$$
$$x \div a = b \rightarrow x = b \cdot a$$
$$x^a = b \rightarrow x = \sqrt[a]{b}$$
$$\sqrt[a]{x} = b \rightarrow x = b^a$$
$$a^x = b \rightarrow \dfrac{\log{b}}{\log{a}}$$
a,b = constants
x = variable

Algebra $$x^a \cdot x^b = x^{a+b}$$ a,b,x = any real number
Algebra $$\dfrac{x^a}{x^b} = x^{a-b}$$ a,b,x = any real number
Algebra $$(x^a)^b = x^{a\cdot b}$$ a,b,x = any real number
Algebra $$(x \cdot y)^a = x^a \cdot y^a$$ a,b,y = any real number
Algebra $$x^1 = x$$ x = any real number
Algebra $$x^0 = 1$$ x = any real number
Algebra $$x^{-a} = \dfrac{1}{x^a}$$ a,x = any real number
Algebra $$x^{\frac{a}{b}} = \sqrt[b]{x^a} = (\sqrt[b]{x})^a$$ a,b,x = any real number
Algebra $$\dfrac{x}{\sqrt{y}} \cdot \dfrac{\sqrt{y}}{\sqrt{y}} = \dfrac{x\sqrt{y}}{y}$$ x, y = any real number
Linear
Equations
$$Ax+By=C$$ A, B, C = any real number
y = dependent variable
x = independent variable
Standard form
Linear
Equations
$$y = mx+b$$ y = dependent variable
m = slope
x = independent variable
b = y axis intercept
Slope-Intercept
Form. Try to convert
any given linear
equation to this
format.
Linear
Equations
$$m = \dfrac{y_2-y_1}{x_2-x_1}$$ m = slope
$$y_n$$ = independent variable (point n)
$$x_n$$ = dependent variable (point n)
This is a rearranged
version of the
point-slope form.
Linear
Equations
$$y - y_1 = m(x-x_1)$$ $$(x_1, y_1)$$ = point on the line
y = dependent variable
x = independent variable
m = slope
Point slope form
Equations
$$x = \frac{-b\pm\sqrt{b^2-4 \cdot a \cdot c}}{2 \cdot a}$$ a, b = constants
c = constant (y-axis intercept)
x = variable
equation in form
$$ax^2+bx+c=0$$
Equations
$$(a\pm b)^2= a^2 \pm 2ab + b^2$$ a,b = constants or variables Square of a sum
or difference
Equations
$$a^2 - b^2 = (a+b)\cdot (a-b)$$ a,b = constants or variables Difference
of squares
Computing
Interest
$$SI = P \cdot IR \cdot t$$ SI = Simple Interest
P = Principal (Amount borrowed)
IR = Interest Rate
t = time (same units as in IR)

Computing
Interest
$$A_{SI} = P + SI = P \cdot (1+IR\cdot t)$$ $$A_{SI}$$ = Future value to be paid (for SI)
P = Principal (Amount borrowed)
SI = Simple Interest
IR = Interest Rate
t = time (same units as in IR)

Computing
Interest
$$A_{CI} = P \cdot \big{(}1+\dfrac{IR}{n}\big{)}^{n\cdot t}$$ $$A_{CI}$$ = Future value to be paid (for CI)
P = Principal (Amount borrowed)
IR = Interest Rate
n = # of times interest is compounded per unit,t
t = time (same units as in IR)