The word vain, as used in the passage, most nearly means ____.
A hungry fox saw some fine bunches of grapes hanging from a vine that was trained along a high trellis, and did his best to reach them by jumping as high as he could into the air. But it was all in vain, for they were just out of reach, so he gave up trying and walked away with an air of dignity and unconcern, remarking, “I thought those grapes were ripe, but I see now they are quite sour.”
Retrieved from: Aesop’s Fables. The Fox and the Grapes. William Caxton, 1484.
being arrogant and excessively proud
a vessel in your body that carries blood
a hopeless situation
a weather device placed on top of a house that shows wind directions
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